How to can hockey to Pakistan and how did Pakistan become hockey champion?

how to can hockey to pakistan and how did pakistan become its champion?
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Pakistan men’s national field hockey team

How to can hockey to Pakistan and how did Pakistan become its champion?
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The Pakistan national field hockey team (Urdu: )[2] is governed by the Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF), the country’s governing organization for hockey. They joined the International Hockey Federation (FIH) in 1948 and were one of the founding members of the Asian Hockey Federation (ASHF) in 1958. [3] With four World Cup titles (1971, 1978, 1982, and 1994), Pakistan is the most successful national field hockey team in history. With 53 triumphs in 84 matches played, seven-time draws, six appearances in the finals, and only 24 losses,

Pakistan has the best overall performance in World Cup history in both proportional and absolute terms. Except for 2014, Pakistan’s national team has competed in every FIH World Cup. The green shirts are also one of the most successful Asian Games national teams, having won eight gold medals in total: 1958, 1962, 1970, 1974, 1978, 1982, 1990, and 2010, the most by any country, and the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy three times: 1978, 1980, and 1994. Pakistan has won a total of 29 recognized international titles, including three gold medals in Olympic field hockey competitions in Rome 1960, Mexico City 1968, and Los Angeles 1984. Pakistan, on the other hand, has been unable to qualify for the Olympics since 2012.

Field hockey is the country’s national sport,[4]. [5] From 2000 to 2001, the Pakistan national team was ranked first in the world by FIH, and former captain Sohail Abbas holds the global record for most international goals scored by a player[6] in the history of international field hockey, with 348 goals. Waseem Ahmad holds the record for most Pakistan appearances, with 410 from 1996 to 2012. [7]

Early history (1948–1958)

The game was originally brought to British India by British personnel, and it quickly became a popular sport among the locals, much like cricket. Following Pakistan’s independence in 1947, the Pakistan Hockey Federation was established in 1948. Before India’s partition, Pakistani players competed against Indian players. The Provincial Hockey/Sports Associations of West Punjab, East Bengal, Sindh, Balochistan, Khyber-

Pakhtunkhwa, Bahawalpur, and the Services Sports Board were quickly founded and organized by the federation. At the 1948 London Olympics, the Pakistan national team, led by Ali Iqtidar Shah Dara, officially played their first international game and competition against Belgium, winning 2–0. Pakistan was undefeated in the group stage, defeating the Netherlands, Denmark, and France, and finishing fourth, just like the Pakistan squad at the Helsinki Olympics in 1952.

The Rise in Olympics (1958–1970)

Pakistan was pitted against Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, and archrival India in the 1958 Asian Games. They won their opening match 5–0 against Japan, followed by triumphs over South Korea (8–0) and Malaysia (6–0). Pakistan tied 0–0 with India in the final match to win its first gold medal in an international championship. [9] Following this achievement, Pakistan won all of its matches in the 1960 Rome Olympics, where they competed in a group with Australia, Poland, and Japan. Pakistan then faced Germany in the quarter-finals, winning 2–1 and progressing to the semi-finals, where they defeated Spain. Pakistan eventually won the gold medal, defeating India 1–0 in the final round at the Olympic Velodrome, ending India’s streak of six consecutive gold medals at the Summer Olympic Games. [10]

In the 1962 Asian Games, Pakistan won its second gold medal, with captain Chaudhry Ghulam Rasool[11] leading the team to a second consecutive victory. [12] However, the national team finished second for the second time at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics after losing 1–0 to India in the final, as well as second in the 1966 Asian Games in Bangkok, Thailand. At the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico, Pakistan earned its second Olympic gold medal. Pakistan won its second gold medal in the Asian Games in 1962, with captain Chaudhry Ghulam Rasool[11] leading the team to a second consecutive victory. [12] However, after losing 1–0 to India in the final of the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, the national team finished second again, as well as second at the 1966 Asian Games in Bangkok, Thailand. Pakistan won its second Olympic gold medal at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico.

In 1962, Pakistan won their second Asian Games gold medal, with captain Chaudhry Ghulam Rasool[11] leading the team to a second straight triumph. [12] However, the national squad finished second at the 1966 Asian Games in Bangkok, Thailand, after losing 1–0 to India in the final of the 1964 Tokyo Olympics. At the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico, Pakistan earned its second Olympic gold medal.

The Golden Era (1970–1995)

Pakistan competed in the 1970 Asian Games group stage against tournament hosts Thailand and challengers Japan for first place and a berth in the finals. Pakistan won their opening match of the group, scoring three times against Japan to secure their first victory, and then defeated Hong Kong 10–0 to finish first in the group. After a 0–0 tie with Thailand, the team advanced to the knockout stage, where they defeated Malaysia 5–0. Pakistan defeated India 1–0 in the final, claiming their third Asian Games gold medal.

Pakistan was set to host the first-ever Hockey World Cup in 1971. However, political difficulties would prevent Pakistan from hosting the first competition. During the Bangladesh Liberation War, the FIH unintentionally arranged the inaugural World Cup to be held in Pakistan. Furthermore, only six years prior, Pakistan and India were at war with each other. A dilemma occurred when Pakistan asked India to compete in the event.

Pakistanis protested India’s participation in the Hockey World Cup, led by cricketer Abdul Hafeez Kardar. The FIH opted to relocate the competition due to the current political situation between Pakistan and India. The FIH opted to move the first Hockey World Cup to the Real Club de Polo grounds in Barcelona, Spain, which was considered a neutral and tranquil European site, in March 1971, the same month Bangladesh gained independence from Pakistan.

[15] H.E Masood, the Pakistani Ambassador to Belgium, presented the trophy to FIH President Rene Frank on March 27, 1971, in Brussels. A total of ten teams qualified for the competition, which was split into two groups. Pakistan was placed in a group with Spain, Australia, Japan, and the Netherlands. Spain and Pakistan won their respective groups, and both teams proceeded to the semi-finals. In the tournament’s first semi-final,

Pakistan defeated India 2–1 in a tense and closely contested game, while Spain played it safe and defeated a spirited Kenya 1–0 to advance to the finals versus Pakistan. In the final, Pakistan scored early but then bolstered its defense to win the first hockey International Cup, 1–0, and retain its number one status in the world hockey rankings, ahead of India and the Netherlands. Tanvir Dar, who scored eight goals during the tournament, was the tournament’s leading goal scorer.

Pakistan lost the 1972 Munich Olympics final to hosts West Germany 1–0, thanks to a goal by Michael Krause, and finished fourth the following year in the 1973 Hockey World Cup. In international competition, the national team made a return by winning and retaining their championship at the 1974 Asian Games, but they were defeated in the finals of the third hockey World Cup by India in 1975. The team won their first bronze medal at the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal. The Pakistan national team won three major international competitions in 1978:

the third Hockey World Cup, the 1978 Asian Games, and the first Champions Trophy, all held in Buenos Aires, Argentina. In the history of international field hockey, this was the first time a national team won three major titles. Because of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the Pakistan Olympic Association and 65 other countries boycotted the 1980 Moscow Olympics. [17] As a result, the Pakistani hockey team did not compete in the tournament’s field hockey competition. The 1980 and 1981 Champions Trophy tournaments were held in Karachi, with Pakistan winning the title against West Germany in the final round in 1980 and coming fourth the following year[18].

Decline and hockey World Cup drought (2004–2014)

From 2004 to 2014, the team finished third at the 2004 Champions Trophy in Lahore and the 2012 Champions Trophy in Melbourne, as well as a runners-up medal after losing 2–0 to Germany at the 2014 Champions Trophy, but it did not win a single top position in the 2005–2011 tournaments; a runners-up medal at the 2006 Commonwealth Games and finishing sixth in the FIBA World Championships. Pakistan won a bronze medal at the 2006 Asian Games, its only success coming in the final round of the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou, China, where it defeated Malaysia 2–0, and a runners-up medal at the 2014 Asian Games in Incheon, South Korea.

 Pakistan has not won an Olympic medal since the 1992 Barcelona games, and the 2004 Athens, 2008 Beijing, and 2012 London Olympics were by far the worst for Pakistan, with the national team failing to win the competition and having to play for 5th, 7th, and 8th place matches at the three Olympic tournaments. The Asian Hockey Champions Trophy has been the most successful competition for the Pakistani national team in recent years, with the squad winning the trophy twice, the first in 2012 against India and the second in 2013 against Japan, and finishing second in the first edition in 2011. At the 2006 and 2010 South Asian Games, the team also won gold medals in a row. On the other hand, Pakistan competed in the 2006 and 2010 World Cups but did not go past the group stage, and the squad did not qualify for the 2014 edition of the game for the first time in its history.

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